The birth of United Nations

On this day in 1945, United Nations Organisation is born. The United Nations Organisation has been formally inaugurated during a short ceremony at the US State Department in Washington. A total of 29 countries ratified the United Nations Charter that was signed by 50 nations on 26 June in San Francisco. The United Nations Organisation became known simply as the United Nations and by 2005 comprised 191 member states. Its numbers were swollen as colonies became independent and the Soviet Union disintegrated. The world security organisation aims to "save succeeding generations from the scourge of war" and maintain international peace and security. The UN Charter upholds human rights and proposes that nations should work together to overcome social, economic, humanitarian and cultural challenges.

The Vatican and Taiwan remain non-members.

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